Rosa canina, The Dog Rose

Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)A pale pink flower of the hedgerow it typically scrambles through the bramble and hazel and gets twisted with bindweed. It fights for space with the nettles and thistles and generally gives a good account of itself. Our hedgerows are a wild tangle of plants and this is a wild rose. Rosa canina is the most widespread of our roses and can be found throughout the UK.

Leaf buds start to appear in early March and often the fruits still look quite fresh on the branch.

Dog Rose  leaf buds (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose leaf buds (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose leaf buds (Rosa canina)The Dog Rose has formidable thorns.

Dog Rose thorns  (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose thorns  (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose thorns  (Rosa canina)The leaves open before the flowers and they are small, oval and sharply toothed.

Dog Rose Leaf (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Leaf (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Leaf (Rosa canina)This year flowers started to appear towards the end of  March and the flowers faded in  August. The flowers can be quite pale to almost white, the buds show the best concentration of colour.

Dog Rose buds (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose buds (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose bud (Rosa canina)Wild roses have a Gall made by the tiny gall wasp Diplolepis rosae and called Robin’s Pincusion or the Rose Bedeguar Gall. It is quite a common gall, look for it wherever you find wild roses.

Robin's Pincushion Gall   Robin's Pincushion Gall   Robin's Pincushion GallFor more information on the Rose Bedeguar Gall click on this next picture (it is a link)

Robin's Pincushion Gall

Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)

Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina) Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)

Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)When the flowers are done the Dog Rose produces fruit.

Dog Rose hips (Rosa canina)Rose hips are very high in vitamin C. They are edible but they contain fine hairs that children use as itching powder so if eaten raw care should be taken to avoid these hairs. They are used to make a variety of teas, soups, jams and jellies. Dog Rose hips were gathered in wartime to make rose hip syrup to give added vitamin C to children when imported fruits were rare.

Rose hips are also known as rose haws.

Dog Rose hips (Rosa canina)

Dog Rose hips (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose hips (Rosa canina)   Dog Rose hips (Rosa canina)

Taxonomy:

Kingdom: Plantae

Order: Rosales

Family: Rosaceae

Genus: Rosa

Species: Rosa canina

Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina) Dog Rose Flower (Rosa canina)

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